By David E. Campbell
Examines the spiritual affiliations of citizens and occasion elites and evaluates the declare that ethical values have been decisive in 2004. This booklet analyzes recommendations used to mobilize non secular conservatives and examines the balloting habit of various teams, together with evangelicals, African-Americans, and the understudied non secular left.
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Extra info for A Matter of Faith: Religion in the 2004 Presidential Election
9 percent. In sum, Bush received more than 25 percent of his ballots from religious communities that largely backed Kerry. 2 percent of his total vote. Adding Latinos brings the total from ethnic and racial groups to just under 20 percent of all Kerry ballots. 8 percent, bringing the total from religious minorities to more than 25 percent of the Kerry vote. 6 percent. All the unaffiliated groups combined accounted for just over 20 percent of all of Kerry’s support. Finally, adding up all the modernist and nominal groups (including the evangelicals) produced another 20 percent of Kerry’s ballots.
The remaining four columns report measures of religious belief and behavior: the percentage of respondents who believe that God is a person (as opposed to an impersonal force); the percentage of respondents who agree with the statement that “all the world’s great religions are equally true and good” (as opposed to only one religion being true); the percentage who attend worship services weekly (or more often); and the percentage for whom the salience of religion is at the highest level (religion is important to the respondent and offers a great deal of guidance).
Thus, the combined traditionalist categories accounted for more than 40 percent of all Bush ballots. 5 percent of his vote, while the sum of all centrists accounted for 26 percent. High turnout among the traditionalist groups and centrist Catholics helped Bush, but the slim majorities from less traditional evangelicals benefited the Democrats. So, Bush was reelected with strong support from nonminority Christian traditions, especially evangelicals and religious traditionalists, but with significant backing from Catholics and centrists.