Download Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought by Patricia Melzer PDF

By Patricia Melzer

Although set in different worlds populated via alien beings, technological know-how fiction is a website the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this global, from basics akin to the intercourse and gender of the physique to worldwide strength family members between sexes, races, and international locations. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technological know-how fiction's strength to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technology fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style via enticing with feminist theories and politics. This publication maps the intersection of feminism and technological know-how fiction via shut readings of technological know-how fiction literature by way of Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the flicks "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and flicks symbolize debates and ideas in 3 components of feminist notion: id and distinction, feminist reviews of technological know-how and expertise, and the connection between gender identification, physique, and wish, together with the recent gender politics of queer wishes, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political parts form those debates, together with international capitalism and exploitative classification kin inside a turning out to be overseas method; the impression of computing device, commercial, and clinical applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of wish. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technological know-how fiction are a part of a feminist critique of present strength kinfolk - and that the alien buildings (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technological know-how fiction are as possibly empowering as they're threatening.

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Additional resources for Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought

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The focus of Part II is mainstream science fiction film and its representations of the body’s ambiguous relationship to various technologies —in particular, of cyborg embodiment and posthuman subjectivities. While the different conceptual and representational origins of science fiction literature (as written text) and science fiction film (as visual/ acoustic text) is recognized, the focus of the two analyses is on systems of representations in the movies, not their technological design or special effects as science fiction film.

I N TR O D U C TI O N 17 work now more or less as ‘identity’ did before’’ (Crosby 130). Difference, therefore, remains in the theoretical position of being not-I, a nonidentity, whereas the identity of the I is still the defining element. Neither the notion of identity, nor what Trinh Minh-ha terms the ‘‘politics of differentiation’’ (Woman, Native, Other 82)—that is, the historical motivations behind the constructions of difference—are themselves questioned. Just as identity is not stable and its claim of stability is a selfperpetuating myth, difference is a shifting constituent.

She has gained readers outside the science fiction milieu and has achieved cult status simultaneously with feminist, black, and science fiction readers 40 D I F F E RE N C E , I D E N T I TY, A N D C O LO N I A L E X PE R I E N C E alike (see Williams 72, and Kenan 495). It is especially surprising that her work is rarely discussed in the context of other black women writers in the United States. Butler’s writing is interesting not so much for its style as for its content (plot), characterization, and metaphors that create new forms of representation.

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