By Roger French
В этом исследовании автор показывает, что древнее естествознание было собранием и представлением историй и феноменов, достойных упоминания философами, популяризаторами или торговцами чудесами. В этой книге исследуются отношения между физическим миром, богами, греческой философией и целями тех, кто выражал весьма различные понятия о «природе». Основное внимание автора уделено «Истории животных» Аристотеля, «Естественной истории растений» Теофраста, «Географии» Страбона, а также, в некоторой степени, «Естественной истории» Плиния Старшего. Одна из основных тем книги - то, как к естествознанию относились различные общества: греки, римляне, евреи и христиане.Образцы сканов:
Read Online or Download Ancient Natural History PDF
Best nature & ecology books
Travel/Sports a real tale of event and a two-year quest to navigate the best of the good Lakes. "One day, I paddled a sea kayak. All sleek traces and curves, the hull carved the water with slightly a whisper and grew to become on the contact of a paddle. How does it consider to trip days on finish with out mounted agenda?
This finished laboratory handbook teaches scholars taking their first direction in petrography the recommendations of describing and classifying rocks in addition to how you can follow these options to universal igneous and metamorphic rocks. crucial beneficial properties comprise: a list of universal minerals with their most crucial distinguishing optical homes; over 2 hundred illustrations detailing the relation among optics and crystal morphology; an accompanying CD-ROM with colour slides illustrating rock-forming minerals and the textures of rocks, many with textual content and audio annotations by means of the writer; descriptions of the textures and constructions of igneous and metamorphic rocks; an important homes of all of the minerals compiled in an easy-to-access, full-color desk; and a chart for identifying the approximate modal (volume) percent of minerals in rocks.
You recognize the Carnegie Institute and the Philadelphia Museum of artwork, yet have you visited the Toy robotic Museum in Adamstown or Bill's previous motorbike Barn in Bloomsburg? The Tom combine Museum in combine Run? The Houdini Museum in Scranton? Pennsylvania's many small museums are effortless to overlook in an age of speedy details and superhighways.
Big apple simply should be the main biologically various urban in temperate the USA. The 5 boroughs sit down atop the most certainly wealthy websites in North the United States, at once less than the Atlantic migratory flyway, on the mouth of a 300-mile-long river, and on 3 islands—Manhattan, Staten, and lengthy. Leslie Day, a brand new York urban naturalist, unearths this outstanding international in her box consultant to the wildlife of recent York urban.
Additional resources for Ancient Natural History
We cannot afford to spend too much space in a work on ancient natural history to Aristotle’s work on the soul. It is certainly true that the soul was for him ‘the principle of animal life’, but this is much what we are looking at in studying the natures-of-animals in the later animal books (see below). 105 He both praised the nobility of the knowledge and warned against the difficulty of procuring it in a passage which is a direct counterweight to a famous passage (we shall also meet it below) in which he praises the certainty of knowledge derived from direct observation of animals, despite the apparent lack of charm of such knowledge.
Above all, the advantage of including a discussion of living things in a text on meteorology is that Aristotle can fully articulate his doctrine of change as end-directed. That this is Aristotle’s purpose becomes clear towards the end of the work. It is by making comparisons with living organisms and particularly animals that Aristotle can illustrate his fundamental physical principles better than he can in things where matter predominates over form. 90 Here ‘essence’ as definition is equivalent to the nature of the thing, and Aristotle is pointing out that natural things exist in a scale determined by the greater involvement of form with matter.
When the natural heat of a moist body is overcome by external heat, says Aristotle,91 the result is putrefaction. In contrast, when the natural heat of an object perfects the passive qualities, most often the Cold and the Moist, then true concoction occurs. This is the process by which a thing becomes itself, that is, by which its ‘nature’ is expressed. Aristotle is arguing in a characteristic way for a process between opposites. Corruption and generation are opposites. The action of the Hot on the Cold in concoction is an action of opposites and is akin to the action of the male on the female in generation and to the action of form on matter.