By G. Underwood (Auth.)
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Extra resources for Attention and Memory
If the processor misses one segment of a transient sound then unless it can look again at the input then an inaccurate categorization may result. With the steady state sounds the need to look again is less essential. If one segment is lost the next segment may be used because it contains the same information. This is the point over which Crowder offers reconciliation with Massaro's position. The time course of Massaro's preperceptual store is of the same order of magnitude as that required to store the distinguishing features of the stop consonants.
Whereas the semantic relatedness of the suffix to the list of items to be recalled made Httle difference to the extent of the effect, both categories of suffix had a considerable effect upon recall of the final items. This evidence is consistent with Immediate (Sensory) Memory 31 the view that the suffix affects precategorical storage. If the semantic quaUties of the suffix had been used then we might have expected a greater effect of disruption with a related suffix than with an unrelated suffix.
Again, however, this result may be due to the acoustic trace of a suffix having a larger effect upon the acoustic traces of the final recall items when those traces coincide, or it may be due to the physical differentiation between relevant and irrelevant items being more difficult when the suffix is spoken by the same voice as the list. The masking voice explanation is supported by an experiment concerned with selective attention, and reported by Underwood and Moray (1971). In this experiment subjects listened for occasional digits in lists of letters.