Download Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.) PDF

By Robert J. Clack (auth.)

RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY it truly is typically stated that Bertrand Russell performed an important position within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo­ sophers nearly to equate philosophy with a few sort - or types - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been ­ fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the profitable insurrection opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists similar to Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a a bit of innovative approach of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, in fact, shut­ ly similar, because the new means of philosophizing can be stated to consti­ tute, largely, the rebel opposed to Idealism. Be this because it may well, how­ ever, the $64000 truth for current attention is that Russell was once an important effect in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the course it has thus taken - towards what will be termed, particularly common­ ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, notwithstanding his value as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is famous, the appropriate experience during which Russell himself might be thought of a "philosopher of language" has no longer, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. worthwhile beginnings were made towards an research of this query, yet they've been, withal, purely start­ nings, and not anything like an sufficient photo of Russell's total philoso­ phy of language is almost immediately available.

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What is the smallest number of simple undefined things at the start, and the smallest number of undemonstrated premisses, out of which you can define the things that need to be defined and prove the things that need to be proved? That problem, in any case that you like to take, is by no means a simple one, but on the contrary an extremely difficult one. It is one which requires a very great amount of logical technique; and the sort ofthing that I have been talking about in these lectures is the preliminaries and first steps in that logical technique.

Consequently, he concludes that these propositions are about objects designated by the descriptions. It follows, then, that if the propositions are meaningful there must be some entity corresponding to each description. " for, Russell argues, the grammatical forms of propositions containing descriptive phrases are radically different from their logical forms and do not presuppose, for their meaningfulness, that there be some entity corresponding to each description. ) (2) In deprecating Meinong's theory as repugnant to our "feeling for reality," Russell is, I think, suggesting that in our approach to questions of logical analysis, we must not simply ignore the logical and ontological framework of ordinary language.

Only when we have accomplished this reconstruction - or at least have shown how it may be accomplished - can we feel secure in our knowledge that grammar will not mislead us concerning the true forms of propositions. Typically, Russell does not even attempt to carry out an actual reconstruction of ordinary language. At most, he suggests how various particular types of propositions could be re-cast so as to improve their forms. One major reason for this somewhat casual approach to the actual reconstruction of ordinary language may have been simply that he did not see the necessity of working out the details of this program.

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