By Paddy Hillyard, Christina Pantazis, Dave Gordon, Steve Tombs, Visit Amazon's Daniel Dorling Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Daniel Dorling,
Past Criminology is an cutting edge, groundbreaking critique of the slim concentration of traditional criminology. The authors argue that crime types just a small and sometimes insignificant volume of the damage skilled by means of humans. They express that, whereas customized and culture play a massive function within the perpetuation of a few sorts of damage, many different types of damage are rooted within the inequalities and social divisions systematically produced in -- and via -- modern states. Exploring a variety of themes together with violence, indifference, company and country harms, homicide, young children, asylum and immigration rules, sexuality and poverty, the contributions elevate a couple of theoretical and methodological matters linked to a social damage strategy. just once now we have pointed out the origins, scale and outcomes of social harms, they argue, will we start to formulate attainable responses -- and those usually tend to be situated in public and social coverage than within the felony justice approach. The e-book presents an unique and tough new point of view that is going past criminology -- one that may be of curiosity to scholars, lecturers and coverage makers.
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Extra resources for Beyond Criminology: Taking Harm Seriously
Hillyard 01 chap01 21 9/8/04 12:44:29 pm 22 BEYOND CRIMINOLOGY The allocation of responsibility The study of harm permits a much wider investigation into who or what might be responsible for the harm done, unrestricted by the narrow individualistic notion of responsibility or proxy measures of intent sought by the criminal justice process. It allows consideration of corporate and collective responsibility. Thus, while the responsibility for serious rail crashes is often impossible to determine legally in any satisfactory fashion, companies involved in looking after the track and the train operators surely bear some moral responsibility for the multiple-fatality incidents?
In April 2003 there were over 2 million people in US jails and prisons. As in Britain, these inequalities prevent social mobility and cement the class structure, a structure which in the US is highly racialised1 and feminised (see Garfinkel and McLanahan, 1988). In both countries, one of the most important social phenomena has been the growth in women’s employment – yet once these economies stall it is precisely these jobs that will be the first to go, with disastrous social consequences for the increasing number of households requiring two incomes to sustain their (usually hardly luxurious) standard of living.
We seek to utilise some of the insights of a Marxist analysis here, a mode of analysis which itself seems to have been organised off academic agendas in the past two decades (Pearce, 2003). The first point to make is that, both historically and contemporaneously, it is clear that capitalist forms of production may be organised in a series of quite different ways within a variety of political and social ‘shells’, producing quite different effects (see Pearce and Tombs, 1998). That is, capitalism as a system is neither unified nor homogeneous – which is not to deny certain essential features that define it.