By Rudra Sil
Whereas paradigm-bound examine has generated strong insights in diplomacy, it has fostered a tunnel imaginative and prescient that hinders development and widens the chasm among thought and coverage. during this vital new booklet, Sil and Katzenstein draw upon contemporary scholarship to demonstrate some great benefits of a extra pragmatic and eclectic type of learn.
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Additional info for Beyond Paradigms: Analytic Eclecticism in the Study of World Politics
The emergence of diversity within paradigms For much of the twentieth century, realism was the dominant paradigm in international relations scholarship. After a period of decline immediately following the Cold War, realism appears to have entered a phase of ‘renewal’ (Frankel 1996). Realists view the most critical outcomes in world politics – war and peace among states – as driven primarily by the balance of power among states operating in an anarchic system based on the principle of self-help.
They are comfortable proceeding on the basis of a ‘naturalist’ form of positivism (Dessler 1999; Wendt 1999), and can commit themselves to contingent explanatory propositions in which ideational variables play a central role. Post-positivist alternatives to conventional constructivism adopt a constitutive epistemology (Hopf 1998), seeking to understand and/or critique, rather than trace the causes or effects of, ideational constructions. An ‘interpretivist’ variant, Eclecticism, pragmatism, and paradigms 31 which has been more popular in Europe (Checkel 2004), seeks to reconstruct identities through the analysis of discourse.
43–5). Keohane (1986), as well as John Ruggie (1986), although generally considered critics of neorealism, do not discard Waltz’s structural realism. Instead, they view it as an essential and valuable foundation for the building of more complex frameworks, in which Waltz’s notion of structure coexists with other nonsystemic factors that can better capture the effects of growing interdependence and the dynamics of system change. A strong proponent of liberalism, Andrew Moravcsik (2008), has also called for de-emphasizing theoretical parsimony and ontological consistency in order to facilitate synthetic analyses featuring causal factors drawn from different theories.