Download Beyond Sputnik: U.S. Science Policy in the 21st Century by Homer Alfred Neal, Tobin Smith, Jennifer McCormick PDF

By Homer Alfred Neal, Tobin Smith, Jennifer McCormick

Technology and know-how are chargeable for virtually each develop in our glossy caliber of lifestyles. but technology is not just approximately laboratories, telescopes and particle accelerators. Public coverage exerts a huge effect on how the medical group conducts its paintings. past Sputnik is a finished survey of the sphere to be used as an introductory textbook in classes and a reference consultant for legislators, scientists, newshounds, and advocates looking to comprehend the technological know-how policy-making approach. targeted case studies---on themes from cloning and stem mobile study to native land protection and technological know-how education---offer readers the chance to check genuine situations of policymaking at paintings. Authors and specialists Homer A. Neal, Tobin L. Smith, and Jennifer B. McCormick suggest useful how you can enforce sound public coverage in technology and expertise and spotlight how those rules will consultant the result of clinical discovery for years to come.Homer A. Neal is the Samuel A. Goudsmit wonderful collage Professor of Physics, period in-between President Emeritus, and vice chairman for examine Emeritus on the collage of Michigan, and is a former member of the U.S. nationwide technology Board.Tobin L. Smith is affiliate vice chairman for Federal family on the organization of yank Universities. He used to be previously Assistant Director of the collage of Michigan and MIT Washington, DC, offices.Jennifer B. McCormick is an Assistant Professor of Biomedical Ethics within the department of basic inner drugs on the Mayo collage of medication in Rochester, Minnesota, and is the affiliate Director of the examine Ethics source, a part of the Mayo Clinic's NIH medical Translational technology Award examine programs.GO past SPUTNIK ONLINE--Visit www.science-policy.net for the most recent information, instructing assets, studying courses, and internship possibilities within the 21st-Century box of technological know-how policy."Beyond Sputnik is a readable, concise, but remarkably accomplished advent to modern technology coverage. it really is without 'wonkishness' but serves the desires of policymakers and scholars alike. simply because technological know-how and know-how coverage is of critical significance within the twenty-first century this available quantity is a godsend."---Charles M. Vest, President of the nationwide Academy of Engineering and Vice Chair of the nationwide examine Council of the nationwide Academies of Sciences and Engineering"This hugely researched e-book is a treasure trove for a person keen on technological know-how coverage with regards to such demanding situations as supplying power, maintaining the surroundings, assuring healthcare, developing jobs, and more."---Norman Augustine, retired Chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin company and recipient of the 2008 Vannevar Bush Award from the nationwide technology Board"Science coverage is a topic of becoming significance within the usa, but there has lengthy been a vacuum between textbooks within the box. past Sputnik fills it wonderfully and may be greeted with enthusiasm through scholars and college alike. Even those that have practiced the artwork for years will research from it."---Albert Teich, Director of technology and coverage courses on the American organization for the development of Science"Homer A. Neal, Tobin L. Smith, and Jennifer B. McCormick have written a landmark paintings calling for a countrywide attempt to revive our nation's strength within the fields of technological know-how, strength, and schooling, as we did within the outstanding 12 months following Sputnik. the subsequent preident may still learn past Sputnik and settle for this name to motion as did President Eisenhower."---Ambassador David M. Abshire, President of the guts for the learn of the Presidency, Cofounder and vice president of the guts for Strategic and overseas stories, and President of the Richard Lounsbery Foundation"At final we now have a textual content that tells the tale from the place A. Hunter Dupree left off; a good middle textual content for classes in technological know-how and expertise coverage, DC policymakers, and somebody who must wake up to hurry within the box . . . The e-book that we have got all been ready for."---Christopher T. Hill, Professor of Public coverage and expertise, George Mason college

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The founding fathers clearly recognized the im­ portance of invention, as we would expect from individu­ als such as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. As we shall see, however, this constitutional statement about the importance of invention falls far short of specifying what role government should play in the management of research. The government's role in modern scientific research is the product of many incremental decisions, most of which are the result of various congressional and presidential decision-making processes.

Under each of the associate directors are several assistant directors with responsibility for narrower areas of science and technol­ ogy. In George W. Bush's administration, for example, the assistant directors focus on the health and life sciences; the environment; the physical sciences and engineering; education and the social sciences; space and aeronautics; telecom and information technology; technology; na­ tional security; and homeland security. Assistant direc­ tors serve at the will of the director and are not political appointees, so some may span multiple administrations .

Who could make the most powerful bombs? Whose missiles had the longest range and could deliver the largest payload ? How many times over could one side destroy the other ? A single mis­ calculation could have destroyed civilization as we knew it. As one might imagine, both rivals poured resources into science and technology. For a short period immediately after World War II, the United States had allowed itself to grow complacent about the advancement of science and the development of new technologies.

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