By John P. Heinz
What determines the systematic allocation of prestige, energy, and financial gift between lawyers? what sort of social constitution organizes legal professionals’ roles within the bar and within the better community?
As Heinz and Laumann convincingly display, the criminal occupation is stratified essentially by means of the nature of the consumers served, now not by way of the kind of felony carrier rendered. in reality, the excellence among company and person consumers divides the bar into remarkably separate hemispheres. utilizing info from vast own interviews with approximately 800 Chicago attorneys, the authors express that legal professionals who serve one form of patron seldom serve the other. moreover, legal professionals’ political, ethno-religious, and social ties are most likely to correspond to these in their purchaser types. better deference is continually proven to company legal professionals, who appear to gather energy by means of organization with their robust clients.
Heinz and Laumann additionally become aware of that those “hemispheres” of the felony career aren't successfully built-in by means of intraprofessional enterprises resembling the bar, courts, or legislations schools. the truth that the bar is established essentially alongside extraprofessional strains increases fascinating questions on the legislations and the character of professionalism, questions addressed in a provocative and far-ranging ultimate chapter.
This quantity, released together with the yank Bar beginning, bargains a uniquely subtle and accomplished research of attorneys’ expert lives. it will likely be of outstanding value to sociologists and others drawn to the criminal career, within the basic examine of professions, and in social stratification and the distribution of energy.
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Extra info for Chicago Lawyers: The Social Structure of the Bar
25. Ibid. 16 THE SCOPE AND NATURE OF THE STUDY that only about a sixth of all Chicago lawyers worked in firms with more than thirty practitioners. The respondents included here in the nonlegal category were not presently engaged in the practice of law on a regular basis. 26 Finally, we asked all of our respondents to indicate the amount of the income that they received from law practice. As might be expected, a larger number of our respondents refused to answer that question than any other in the interview.
Social Stratification: Research and Theory for the 19705 (Indianapolis and New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970), pp. 130, 152; Liston Pope, 14 THE SCOPE AND NATURE OF THE STUDY disproportionate numbers of persons of higher socioeconomic status, from older immigrant stock-most numerous in this category are Presbyterians, Episcopalians, and Congregationalists. 19 The largest number in group 2 are Lutherans, Methodists, Baptists, and Protestants who did not express any denominational preference. " In addition to these social background variables, we asked respondents about their education and the nature of their legal work.
Wood's book on criminal lawyers,57 and the recent national survey of legal services lawyers conducted by a group of scholars at the University of Wisconsin. 58 Valuable as all of these major pieces of research are for what they tell us about their specific areas of concern, they give us only a sketchy and rather disjointed picture of the overall social structure of the legal profession in any geographic area. This book attempts to provide some of that missing detail for one major city and to fill in some of the gaps in the analysis.