Download Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 by Marian Mazgaj PDF

By Marian Mazgaj

This article explores the character of Polish Catholicism within the first half the 20 th century and the alterations it underwent below the guidelines of Soviet Communism. Of specific observe are the legislation and regulations that have been hired through the kingdom to be able to break faith often, and Catholicism particularly. The textual content additionally explores the best way that the powerful culture of Polish tradition ready the population to be uniquely proof against makes an attempt to spoil its Christian non secular existence. it's finally, a narrative of the triumph of the folks over the nation.

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Extra info for Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989

Example text

Polish Ambassador Kaimierz Papee first presented his credentials in 1939, a month before the Nazis invaded Poland. He remained as an ambassador throughout the pontificate of Pius XII, despite the fact that the governmentin-exile never returned to power. L’Osservatore Romano stated that the Polish representative is not in a position to present documents that could be recognized as diplomatically valid. Therefore, the Holy See cannot continue to recognize him as a head of a diplomatic mission. 46 In 1950, the Episcopate of Poland concluded an agreement with the Polish Government and issued a declaration.

Today, however, the painful experiences of the recent events have aroused in us doubts as to the meaning of the statements by high authorities. We must affirm that the fight against religion in Poland has been waged for a long time, and this with a consistency which surpasses all former notions about a fight against God.... We learn of this from the state of the Catholic schools, hospitals, church associations and religious confraternities, the reconstruction of churches, etc.... We learn of this from the state of the Catholic press and publishing establishments, which are closed one after another, because they can no longer cope with the censorship....

Two months after the beginning of World War II, in November 1939, the situation of the Diocese of Chelmno was in a disastrous condition. The residential bishop was forced to leave the country and his auxiliary was gravely ill. The chapter of canons was dispersed, 22 CHURCH AND STATE IN COMMUNIST POLAND and nearly all priests were imprisoned, exiled, or persecuted. The diocese could not be left without a head and leader, and there was no Polish priest available whom the Holy See could appoint as Apostolic Administrator.

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