Download Cognition, Vol. 4, No. 4 by J. Mehler, T. G. Bever & S. Franck (Editors) PDF

By J. Mehler, T. G. Bever & S. Franck (Editors)

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These must be justified by showing that they follow from a theory which captures syntactic generalizations, or which expresses some theory of UC,, and this Winograd does not do. Turning to the realization rules themselves, let us consider Winograd’s assertion that they specify features which are of particular significance in the interpretation of meaning. The specification of a particular set of realization rules involves an empirical hypothesis about language; but Winograd has done nothing that could bear on testing the correctness or incorrectness of such a hypothesis.

Its suggestiveness: is supported by elaborating several areas where the scheme supposedly provides illuminating insights: the ideas proposed here are not enough for a complete theory but . the framesystem scheme may help explain a number of phenomena of human intelligence. (P. 3) It should be clear that if Minsky is in fact able to do what he claims, then such a theory would have important implications for a scientific theory of human language. To assess the claim Minsky makes it is necessary to look at some of the specific proposals that he makes for dealing with particular problems.

The same is true in the case of grammatical functions such as Artificial intelligence and the study of language 34 1 subject and object which are explicitly stated within Systemic Grammar. Winograd states that what sets Systemic Grammar apart is that it states explicitly what is only implicit in other theories: In most current theories, these features and functions are implicit in the syntactic rules. There is no explicit mention of them, but the rules are designed in such a way that every sentence will in fact be one of the three types listed above, and every WH- question will in fact have a question element.

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