By Daniel Gilling
This paintings summarizes and synthesizes the massive crime prevention literature to supply an approachable and finished textual content for college kids. It units out a severe research within the context of the politics of legal justice coverage.
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Additional info for Crime Prevention: Theory, Policy, and Politics
The enemy could be defeated by the liberal means of preventing the strain, or by the not so liberal means of preventing the translation of the strain into actual crime. A major problem with these sociological theories concerns their general acceptance of official portrayals of the crime problem: their theories were overwhelmingly based upon the working-class street criminal, and were thus limited in much the same way as early Crime prevention 28 biological and psychological positivism was by its focus upon convicted criminals.
However, the straightforwardness of her approach was a weakness as well as a strength, for the study lacked the methodological rigour that characterized criminology’s scientific pretensions, which, as Reppetto (1976) points out, makes little allowance for “brilliant insights” that Theories of crime prevention II 35 might characterize fields such as architecture and planning. Thus it could be dismissed as mere anecdote or polemic. In a male-dominated field such as criminology, moreover, it could not have helped that she was a woman, oversimplifying a problem that apparently greater male minds had struggled with for decades.
Early positivist theories tended to agree that criminals were degenerate and deficient, but they disagreed over the nature of the cause. Thus, for example, Lombroso’s theory might have set a paradigm, but it was not itself very influential in practical terms, especially after in England Goring found that the “criminal stigmata” of the supposed born criminal were just as common among university students and the armed forces (Garland 1994). In England, then, there was considerable scientific scepticism regarding general theories of crime such as Lombroso’s, and official mistrust for preventive interventions or technologies which strayed too far from the neoclassical orthodoxy which dominated the period.