By Gregory Maddox
In his end, Isaria N. Kimambo, a founder of Tanzanian historical past, displays at the efforts of successive historians to strike a stability among exterior factors of switch and native initiative of their interpretations of Tanzanian history.
He exhibits that nationalist and Marxist historians of Tanzanian heritage, understandably preoccupied during the first quarter-century of the country's post-colonial heritage with the impression of imperialism and capitalism on East Africa, tended to miss the tasks taken by means of rural societies to remodel themselves.
Yet there's sturdy explanation for historians to contemplate the factors of swap and innovation within the rural groups of Tanzania, simply because farming and pastoral humans have always replaced as they adjusted to transferring environmental conditions.
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Extra info for Custodians of the land: ecology & culture in the history of Tanzania
N. Kimambo, A Political History of the Pare of Tanzania, c. 15001900 (Nairobi, 1969) and Jan Vansina, Paths in the Rainforests: Toward a History of Political Tradition in Equatorial Africa (Madison, 1990). 23. Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha, This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1992), p. 14. 24. Ford, Role of Trypanosomiases; Kjekshus, Ecology Control; and James L. Giblin, The Politics of Environmental Control in Northeastern Tanzania, 18401940 (Philadelphia, 1993).
372. 28. P. McCarthy, Colonial Bureaucracy and Creating Underdevelopment: Tanganyika, 19191940 (Ames, IA, 1982). 29. Wilhelm Östberg, The Kondoa Transformation: Coming to Grips with Soil Erosion in Central Tanzania, Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Research Report no. 76 (Uppsala, 1986). 30. Michelle McAlpin, Subject to Famine: Food Crises and Economic Change in Western India, 18601920 (Princeton, 1983) makes a similar argument for India. 31. John Iliffe, The African Poor: A History (Cambridge, 1987).
Tanzania Economic conditions. 6. Tanzania Politics and government. I. Maddox, Gregory. II. Giblin, James Leonard. III. Kimambo, Isaria N. IV. Series: Eastern African studies. 7'009678dc20CIP Typeset in 10/11 Baskerville by Colset Pte Ltd, Singapore Printed in Britain by Villiers Publications, London N3 Page v CONTENTS List of Maps, Figures & Tables viii List of Photographs ix Abbreviations x Contributors xi Acknowledgements xiii Introduction Custodians of the Land Ecology & Culture in the History of Tanzania James Giblin & Gregory Maddox 1 Part One Environmental & Demographic Change Introduction 15 One Population A Dependent Variable Juhani Koponen 19 Two Environment & Population Growth In Ugogo, Central Tanzania 43 Page vi Part Two Environmental Change & Economic History In Tanzania's Northern Highlands Introduction 67 Three Environmental Control & Hunger In the Mountains & Plains of Northeastern Tanzania Isaria N.