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By D.A. Dixon

The U.S. fresh Water Act demands the minimization of "adverse environmental impression" at cooling water consumption structures.  To facilitate an trade of knowledge between all stakeholders within the factor, the electrical strength examine Institute organised a countrywide symposium in 2001 to debate the that means of inauspicious environmental effect and techniques for its assessment.  Technical specialists in federal and nation source companies, academia, and non-governmental businesses attended the symposium.  it is a number of peer-reviewed papers, meant either to notify and to inspire the advance of ideas concerning the minimization of difficult environmental influence at cooling water consumption constructions.

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Defining and Assessing Adverse Environmental Impact from Power Plant Impingement and Entrainment of Aquatic Organisms

The U. S. fresh Water Act demands the minimization of "adverse environmental effect" at cooling water consumption structures.  To facilitate an alternate of knowledge between all stakeholders within the factor, the electrical strength examine Institute organised a countrywide symposium in 2001 to debate the which means of difficult environmental influence and techniques for its review.

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V. the “one fish equals AEI” definition. In discussing this alternative in the proposed rulemaking for existing facilities, EPA cited public comments by a New York State Department of Environmental Conservation representative regarding its long-term implementation of this definition. ” Without debating the concept of trust resources, which has basis in law[9], this definition is unrelated to environmental damage or AEI. Furthermore, under such a definition, no CWIS could be permitted without maximum application of BTA, since none can totally avoid some level of entrainment and impingement – regardless of BTA employed.

29 Uncertainty and Conservatism in Assessing Environmental Impact under §316(b): Lessons from the Hudson River Case John R. Young1,* and William P. Dey2 1ASA Analysis & Communication, 310 Goldfinch Drive, State College, PA 16801; 2ASA Analsyis & Communication, 51 Old State Road, Wappingers Falls, NY 12590 Received November 15, 2001; Revised March 5, 2002; Accepted March 6, 2002; Published February, 2003 Initially, regulation of cooling water intakes under §316(b) was extremely conservative due to the rapid increase predicted for generating capacity, and to the uncertainty associated with our knowledge of the effects of entrainment and impingement.

V. ” Further, it appears to address resource allocation issues in that unacceptable risks to fishery harvests may represent AEI outside of the context of population sustainability. The Utility Water Act Group proposed that unacceptable risk be determined in a scientific risk assessment and risk management process wherein a number of biological and social factors would be considered. On 9 November 2001, a final 316(b) rulemaking for new CWIS was signed. After 30 years of research and debate on the meaning of AEI, the EPA declined to define it, citing the same lack of consensus among stakeholders as described in this article.

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