By Steward T.A. Pickett, Jurek Kolasa, Clive G. Jones
This broadly expected revision of the groundbreaking e-book, Ecological knowing, updates this important sourcebook of up to date philosophical insights for working towards ecologists and graduate scholars in ecology and environmental experiences. the second one variation comprises new ecological examples, an increased array of conceptual diagrams and illustrations, new textual content bins summarizing details or defining keyword phrases, and new connection with philosophical concerns and controversies. even if the 1st variation was once famous for its readability, this revision takes the chance to make the exposition of advanced themes nonetheless clearer to readers and not using a philosophical history. Readers will achieve an realizing of the targets of technological know-how, the constitution of thought, the types of conception proper to ecology, the best way that concept alterations, what constitutes objectivity in modern technology, and the function of paradigms and frameworks for synthesis inside ecology and in integration with different disciplines. eventually, how thought can tell and anchor the general public use of ecological wisdom in civic debates is laid out. This re-creation refines the certainty of the way the constitution and alter of idea can enhance the expansion and alertness of 1 of the twenty first century's key sciences. ·Explains the philosophical foundation of ecology in undeniable English·Contains bankruptcy overviews and summaries·Text containers spotlight key issues, examples, or controversies·Diagrams clarify constitution and improvement of idea, and integration·Evaluates and relates paradgims in ecology·Illustrates philosophical matters with vintage and new ecological learn
Read Online or Download Ecological Understanding, Second Edition: The Nature of Theory and the Theory of Nature PDF
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Additional resources for Ecological Understanding, Second Edition: The Nature of Theory and the Theory of Nature
The laws of physics at the time that the philosophy of logical positivism was being developed constituted a well-elaborated theory. The laws and assumptions were clear, and the derivation of the laws from assumptions and from one another was known. In addition, classical physics had by then been highly confirmed by two centuries IV. 3 23 Koch’s Postulates (after Brock 1966) Assume that the agent and the host are available in pure culture separate from one another. The presumed agent must be shown to be present in active form when the change is taking place.
Understanding is an objectively determined, empirical match between some set of confirmable, observable phenomena in the natural world and a conceptual construct. In other words, understanding is a state that refers to the degree of match between reality and theory, a match between what scientists observe and what they think (Fig. 2). De Regt (2004) augmented this interpretation by adding the pragmatic value of understanding — the ability to account for a natural phenomenon by using the theoretical knowledge in the preceding definition.
For example, rates of photosynthesis may be constrained by nitrogen availability at a site, and local nitrogen fluxes may be enabled by nitrogen inputs from the larger landscape. This is philosophical macroexplanation (Mahner and Bunge 1997). Explanation can also come in other flavors (Mahner and Bunge 1997). Statistical explanation involves employment of a probabilistic law statement to explain a phenomenon, while narrative explanation (Gaddis 2002) involves implicit assumptions, logic, and conjectures such as those used in interpretation of evolutionary patterns.