Download Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios (Millennium by Millennium Ecosystem Assessment PDF

By Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

Situations are a useful device for studying advanced structures and knowing attainable results. This moment quantity of the MA sequence explores the results of 4 diversified methods for handling atmosphere providers within the face of turning out to be human call for for them:The international Orchestration technique, during which we emphasize fairness, financial progress, and public items, reacting to surroundings difficulties after they succeed in severe stages.Order from power, which emphasizes protection and fiscal growth.Adapting Mosaic, which emphasizes proactive administration of ecosystems, neighborhood variation, and versatile governance.TechnoGarden, a globalized method with an emphasis on eco-friendly know-how and a proactive method of coping with ecosystems.The eventualities quantity can assist decision-makers and bosses determine improvement paths that higher keep the resilience of ecosystems, and will decrease the danger of wear to human health and the surroundings.

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Additional info for Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Scenarios (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Series, Volume 2)

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In addition, efficient provision of ecosystem services may lead to greater demand for ecosystem services rather than less pressure on ecosystems to provide the same amount of service. (TechnoGarden) The scenarios were also designed to explore key ecosystem management dilemmas. One such dilemma is that ecosystem management that neglects slow changes in resilience or vulnerability of ecosystems increases the susceptibility of ecosystems to large, rapid changes (established but incomplete). For example, government subsidies to agriculture have allowed farmers to continue harmful practices that eventually lead to larger losses of ecosystem services.

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scenarios show that the condition of ecosystem services in the future could be significantly worse or better than in the present. Scenarios that improve the condition of ecosystem services and human well-being involve substantial changes in policy. Examples include: • major investments in public goods and poverty reduction, together with elimination of harmful trade barriers and subsidies (Global Orchestration); • widespread use of actively adaptive ecosystem management and investment in education (Adapting Mosaic); and • significant investments in technologies to use ecosystem services more efficiently, along with widespread inclusion of ecosystem services in markets (TechnoGarden).

Removing water from lakes and rivers for use can reduce aquatic biodiversity because less aquatic habitat is available. There are possibilities for mitigating these trade-offs through agricultural land management that explicitly maintains biodiversity or through more efficient use of water. • In all four MA scenarios, use of water for irrigation of crops reduced the availability of water for other uses, such as household or industrial use or the maintenance of other ecosystem services. Although water is a renewable resource, the amount available in any one place at any one time is finite.

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