By John Lowry (Author) James Larminie (Author)
Fully up-to-date all through, Electric motor vehicle expertise, moment Edition, is an entire consultant to the rules, layout and purposes of electrical car expertise. together with the entire most modern advances, it offers transparent and complete insurance of the most important features of electrical car improvement and provides an engineering-based evaluate of electrical motor scooters, vehicles, buses and trains.
This re-creation includes:
- important new chapters on different types of electrical autos, together with pickup and linear cars, total efficiencies and effort intake, and tool new release, really for 0 carbon emissions
- expanded chapters updating the most recent different types of EV, sorts of batteries, battery expertise and different rechargeable units, gasoline cells, hydrogen provide, controllers, EV modeling, ancillary method layout, and EV and the environment
- brand new useful examples and case stories illustrating how electrical cars can be utilized to considerably lessen carbon emissions and diminish reliance on fossil fuels
- futuristic suggestion types, electrical and high-speed trains and advancements in magnetic levitation and linear motors
- an exam of EV efficiencies, strength intake and sustainable energy generation.
MATLAB examples are available at the spouse site www.wiley.com/go/electricvehicle2e
Explaining the underpinning technology and know-how, this publication is vital for working towards electric, automobile, energy, keep an eye on and instrumentation engineers operating in EV learn and improvement. it's also a worthy reference for teachers and scholars in car, mechanical, strength and electric engineering.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–17):
Chapter 2 different types of electrical automobiles – EV structure (pages 19–27):
Chapter three Batteries, Flywheels and Supercapacitors (pages 29–78):
Chapter four electrical energy provide (pages 79–85):
Chapter five gasoline Cells (pages 87–114):
Chapter 6 Hydrogen as a gas – Its creation and garage (pages 115–144):
Chapter 7 electrical Machines and their Controllers (pages 145–185):
Chapter eight electrical car Modelling (pages 187–216):
Chapter nine layout concerns (pages 217–238):
Chapter 10 layout of Ancillary structures (pages 239–246):
Chapter eleven Efficiencies and Carbon free up comparability (pages 247–251):
Chapter 12 electrical autos and the surroundings (pages 253–258):
Chapter thirteen energy iteration for shipping – quite for 0 Emissions (pages 259–269):
Chapter 14 fresh electrical automobiles (pages 271–290):
Chapter 15 the way forward for electrical automobiles (pages 291–296):
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Extra resources for Electric Vehicle Technology Explained, Second Edition
5. These ‘gassing’ reactions occur when there is no more lead sulfate on the electrodes to give up or accept the electrons. They thus occur when the battery is fully or nearly fully charged. 4) involve changing the concentration of the electrolyte of the cells. 6 Graph showing how the open-circuit voltage of a sealed lead acid battery changes with state of charge discharges. 6. For modern sealed batteries the change is linear to quite a good approximation. It should be noted that this battery voltage cannot normally be used to give an indication of the state of charge of the battery.
However, this unit is inconveniently small. Instead the amphour is used – 1 A ﬂowing for 1 hour. The capacity of a battery might be, say, ‘10 Ah’. This means that it can provide 1 A for 10 hours, or 2 A for 5 hours, or, in theory, 10 A for 1 hour. However, in practice, it does not work out like this for most batteries. It is usually the case that while a battery may be able to provide 1 A for 10 hours, if 10 A is drawn from it, it will last less than 10 hours. It is most important to understand this.
This feature is a safety requirement and leads to the name ‘valve-regulated sealed lead acid’ (VRLA) for this modern type of battery. 5, which occur on overcharge, proceed too fast. This will happen if the charging voltage is too high. Clearly this must not be allowed to happen, or the battery will be damaged. On the positive side, it means that such batteries are essentially ‘maintenance free’. However, this does not mean that the batteries will last for ever. Even if there is no water loss, lead acid batteries are subject to many effects that shorten their life.