By Vladimir S. Bagotsky, Alexander M. Skundin, Yurij M. Volfkovich
Electrochemical strength resources (EPS) offers in a concise means the operational positive factors, significant varieties, and purposes of batteries, gasoline cells, and supercapacitors * info the layout, operational good points, and purposes of batteries, gas cells, and supercapacitors * Covers advancements of current EPSs and the advance of recent forms of EPS because the result of excessive R&D paintings * presents outlook for destiny developments in gas cells and batteries * Covers the most common battery varieties, gasoline cells and supercapacitors; equivalent to zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium garage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and smooth lithium batteries
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Extra resources for Electrochemical Power Sources: Batteries, Fuel Cells, and Supercapacitors
NY: Wiley; 1978. p 375. Milner PCC, Thomas UB. In: Delahay P, Tobias W, editors. Advances of Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering. Vol. 5. NY: Interscience; 1967. Rand DAJ, Moseley PT, Garche J, Parker CD, editors. Valve-Regulated Lead Acid Batteries. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2004. Rüetschi P. J Power Sources 1977;2:3. 1 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BATTERIES OCV and Discharge Voltage The open circuit voltage (OCV), U0 , of a battery depends on the electrochemical system selected for it and is somewhat affected by the electrolyte concentration, degree of discharge of the battery, temperature, and other factors.
1901. Leclanché G-L. Compt Rend 1876;83:54. Muneret X, Gobé V, Lemoine C. J Power Sources 2005;144:322. Pavlov D, Kirchev A, Monahov B. J Power Sources 2005;144:521. Planté G. Compt Rend 1859;49:402; 50, 640 (1860). MONOGRAPHS AND REVIEWS 25 MONOGRAPHS AND REVIEWS Bode H. Lead-Acid Batteries. NY: Wiley; 1971. Fleisher A, Landers JJ. Zinc Silver Oxide Batteries. NY: Wiley; 1971. W. C. Cahoon. Primary Batteries. 1. Wiley: NY; (1971). McBreen JJ, Cairns EJ. Advances of Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering.
2 Rechargeable Alkaline Manganese–Zinc Batteries In the years after World War II transistor radios came into wide use, along with tape recorders and numerous other appliances, requiring high-capacity small-size power sources. A “dry cell” of this type was suggested in 1912. But these batteries became available only in the beginning of the 1950. The first generation of the rechargeable alkaline battery’s technology was developed by Battery Technologies Inc. in Canada and licensed to Pure Energy, EnviroCell, Rayovac, and Grandcell.