Download Energy application of biomass by M.Z. Lowenstein PDF

By M.Z. Lowenstein

This E. & F. N. Spon name is now dispensed by way of Routledge within the US and Canada

Show description

Read or Download Energy application of biomass PDF

Best electric books

Defining and Assessing Adverse Environmental Impact from Power Plant Impingement and Entrainment of Aquatic Organisms

The U. S. fresh Water Act demands the minimization of "adverse environmental effect" at cooling water consumption structures.  To facilitate an alternate of knowledge between all stakeholders within the factor, the electrical strength study Institute organised a countrywide symposium in 2001 to debate the that means of inauspicious environmental impression and techniques for its evaluation.

Electric Renewable Energy Systems

This spinoff quantity stemming from content material integrated in our seminal energy Electronics instruction manual takes its chapters with regards to renewables and establishes them on the center of a brand new quantity devoted to the more and more pivotal and as but under-published intersection of strength Electronics and replacement strength.

The Performance of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. Modelling, Measurement and Assessment

The functionality of Photovoltaic (PV) structures: Modelling, size and review explores the method life of a PV procedure and the power output of the process over that lifetime. The booklet concentrates at the prediction, size, and review of the functionality of PV structures, permitting the reader to procure a radical figuring out of the functionality matters and growth that has been made in optimizing approach functionality.

Additional resources for Energy application of biomass

Example text

5 million toe (Refs. 24–27). S. timber industry now gets 50% of its energy requirements from wood residues. 7 million toe per year (OTA). 1. 5 and 2 million toe per year. Finland has stands of unproductive hardwoods that could give some 1. 8 million toe/year (Refs. 26, 27). In the EEC, by 2000, forestry and short rotation plantations could provide 28 million toe net. 9 million toe in 15 years with a value of $26,390 million in 1984 prices. 4 million. 3 million toe/year. 8 million toe from biomass (Refs.

1% of the annual oil imports. 7 billion (Ref. 22). S. alcohol industry now produces about 500 million gal from a total of 65 plants (80% from only 8 of these plants). Assuming a 10% blend, the potential demand is 6 billion gal of ethanol, or 12 times the present capacity. However, it is expensive to produce, with corn accounting for 50% of the price. 70 to make, so that a subsidy of 80 cents/gal to bring BIOMASS FOR FOOD OR FUEL : A WORLD PROBLEM? 23 the price down to the production cost of gasoline is essential to the survival of the alcohol industry.

68 oz. S. 5 kg per person per year, and is projected to fall to 63 kg by 2000. 9 kg, while intake of vegetable protein has increased by almost 18% (Refs. 11, 13, 38). 9 CONCLUSIONS There are excesses of both food and energy in the world at present. Many countries with food shortages could, with long-term planning, greater political and financial recognition for agriculture, and more research and development raise their crop production dramatically. Of greater concern, in our opinion, are the more serious consequences of overuse of biomass as a source of energy.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.27 of 5 – based on 10 votes