Download Energy Use Worldwide: A Reference Handbook by Jaina L. Moan PDF

By Jaina L. Moan

Global power wishes have elevated dramatically over the last a hundred years, and they're going to proceed to extend, growing power, environmental, and social crises. do we remedy this problem?

The first step, based on the authors of power Use around the world: A Reference instruction manual , is to appreciate primary strength concerns. Combining their wisdom from the complementary fields of technological know-how and coverage, the authors commence through explaining the elemental proof of energy—what it really is, the place it comes from, why it is vital. Then they exhibit how strength use is associated with worldwide economics, establish key gamers, and look at the social and environmental effects of our power judgements. For readers in—or fearful about—our use of fossil fuels, this publication presents a willing knowing of either the matter and the potential solutions.

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The next section discusses the evolution of the major oil companies and how the world wars of the twentieth century fueled the rise of oil. Energy, War, and Global Expansion: 1914–1945 In the first half of the twentieth century, the importance of coal in world markets waned and petroleum rose to be the dominant global energy resource. Technology and electricity brought new products to the consumer market, and the mass production of the automobile increased the demand for gasoline. World Wars I and II revealed energy security issues for the United States and Western Europe, and the world emerged from these wars dependent on cheap and abundant supplies of oil.

Wood, dried dung, crop residues, animal oils, and waxes were important for domestic heating, lighting, and food preparation. Additionally, charcoal (the carbon substance produced when wood undergoes pyrolysis) was used for smelting, a process used to purify iron ore (Fe2O3). During smelting, high temperatures separate the iron from the oxygen, combining it with carbon to strengthen the alloy. Metallurgy proved to be the most energy-intensive process of the time period. Metal ore needed to be mined, crushed, and then smelted.

Qxd 6/1/07 2:58 PM Page 35 History of Energy Use 35 environmental degradation from energy use. Conflict between Israel and the Arab world intensified, creating drastic consequences for the energy market. Additionally, increasing apprehension over the environmental impacts of energy production and consumption altered the regulatory climate in which the energy industry operated. This section describes the energy crises that emerged from the 1973 oil embargo and how these events changed the energy industry.

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