By John McCormick
This is often an obtainable yet subtle creation to, and research of, the more and more very important position of the ecu Union in environmental coverage. The e-book levels broadly over the emergence and evolution of the european position during this serious box of coverage, the connection among guidelines made on the european and member nation degrees, and the character of the environmental coverage technique. The publication ends with in-depth experiences of ecu actions in key coverage areas--from air caliber and waste administration to worldwide warming--and sums up the successes and screw ups of european coverage up to now.
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Extra resources for Environmental Policy in the European Union
The idea was to impose a penalty on energy use, with the amount of tax varying according to the thermal content of the fuel; the income would then be used to promote the use of environmentally friendly energy sources. The tax was accepted in principle by energy and environment ministers in 1991, but there was strong opposition from the coal and oil Policy Parameters 35 industries, concerns that it would undermine competitiveness, and a veto from Britain which was opposed in principle to the idea of the EU being able to levy taxes (Matláry, 1997, pp.
The EU has also approved the terms of several international treaties on ﬁsheries, such as the 1982 Reykjavik convention on north Atlantic salmon and the 1986 protocol to the Atlantic tuna convention. Furthermore, it has become a member of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (a Canadian-based body set up in 1979 to promote the conservation of ﬁsheries resources in the northwest Atlantic), and has developed plans for ﬁsheries conservation in the Baltic, the Mediterranean and the Antarctic.
Its late arrival was due in part to the early focus of the Community on problems related to industry, and in part to questions raised in the Council of Ministers about the legal basis of Community action given that it was moving away from the economic activities that were at the foundation of the Treaty of Rome. There was almost no mention of the issue in the First Environmental Action programme (EAP), and – according to Johnson and Corcelle (1995, p. 298) – it appeared in the Second EAP in large part because of pressure from the European Parliament.