By Peter E. Pormann
The Hippocratic Epidemics and Galen's observation on them represent milestones within the improvement of medical medication. in spite of the fact that, in addition they illustrate the wealthy exegetical traditions that existed within the post-classical Greek global. the current quantity investigates those texts from quite a few and numerous vantage issues: textual feedback; Greek philology; wisdom move via translations; and clinical background. specifically the Syriac and Arabic traditions of the Epidemics come less than scrutiny.
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Extra info for Epidemics in Context: Greek Commentaries on Hippocrates in the Arabic Tradition
668–70 L), commented upon extensively by Galen in his Commentary on Hippocratesʼ ‘Epidemicsʼ, Book One, p. 102, line 23– p. 110, line 26 W (xvii/a. pp. 203–19 K; cf. 1–27 V). 8 Langholf 1990; Smith 1991. Exegesis, Explanation and Epistemology 27 patient’s reaction to it. All in all, it has often been argued, we seem to be witnessing the birth of clinical, observational medicine, aspiring at high standards of accuracy and precision, honesty and integrity. Whoever the authors or redactors of the Epidemics were, they seem to have been primarily occupied with gathering empirical data, as unbiasedly as possible, without attempting to edit, fabricate or suppress information in order to promote their own achievements or elevate their own status.
Just as they affect people individually, each of them arises from an individual cause. The opposite applies to ‘general’ diseases: their occurrence is general, as is their cause. ƢǇ͇ ŴǨˏͲ ȇˈ̒ There are three types of causes which affect bodies and generate diseases: the first is food, drink or other things one ingests; the second, physical exercise and other things one engages in; and the third, the air or other external [influences] on the body. General diseases are caused by all of these causes, but they mostly arise because of the condition of the air surrounding the bodies.
The enquiry is not about the name and what is signified by it but about the real thing. … As for periods of five days, I have seen ambiguous cases, but not exact and clear ones comparable to periods of two, three or four days. Indeed I think this matter does not require theoretical demonstration but is decided on the basis of experience. e. Hippocrates] given us any description of someone who was ill in this manner. Yet just as he taught [in the form of] examples of many other general postulates by means of individual [cases], likewise he ought to have produced them in these cases too.