By Ying Li, Anne-Sylvie Fabiano-Tixier, Farid Chemat
This short offers a precious reference for the contribution of crucial oils within the eco-friendly chemistry, in general when it comes to their features akin to their compositions, the advance in their extraction applied sciences together with either traditional and eco-friendly method (e.g. microwave, ultrasound), and their sustainable functions as antioxidants, antimicrobials, pesticides, eco-friendly solvents and synthons for the golf green synthesis.
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Extra resources for Essential Oils as Reagents in Green Chemistry
Family Ocimum basilicum L. and Lamiaceae Ocimum gratissimum L. 1 (continued) Remarks 80 % mortality was found for O. basilicum in a 12 h fumigation using pure EOs at 25 μl/vial, whereas 70 % for O. gratissimum and 0 % for control. All EOs had significant effects on both egg hatch rate and a greater sensitivity with males than females was observed The fumigant toxicity and repellence of the EOs and their constituents (β-(Z)-ocimene and eugenol) were significantly influenced by concentration and time after treatment.
It is determined in liquid or solid medium by evaluating the survivors after the removal of the antibiotics (Rota et al. 2008). The MBC test succeeds the MIC test directly, in which the cultures without bacteria growth as well as control tube are inoculated again into new liquid or solid media in Petri dishes, followed by a 24–48 h incubation under optimal temperature for the target microorganism. 3). 5 ‘Omic’ Techniques The ‘omic’ techniques in terms of genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics have been developed to follow the antimicrobial activities of EOs and their components against single pathogen in particular (Demissie et al.
4 Interacting of ‘omic’ technologies against pathogens in foods, as well as the organoleptic properties of the food products with addition of EOs (Gill et al. 2002; Chouliara et al. 2008). The scientific phytotherapy uses experimental techniques to emphasize the relationship between the chemical structures of EOs’ bioactive molecules and their functional properties. As mentioned previously, the value of EOs is attributed to all their constituents instead of only major components. The main therapeutic antimicrobial activities of plant extracts have been summarized as follows (Pisseri et al.