By Richard M. Medina
While geography isn't the in basic terms issue to form human habit, its impact on terrorists’ motivations, behaviors, thoughts, and actions is a first-rate attention in knowing terrorism. Taking a special method than many different books on terrorism, The Geography of foreign Terrorism: An advent to areas and areas of Violent Non-State Groups provides an obtainable, cross-disciplinary method of handling terrorism on an international scale. The authors articulate the position of actual and human geography in terrorist ideology, operations, haven formation, and control.
Providing the broader standpoint required for preempting and countering terrorism, the publication specializes in the geographic viewpoint in a extra particular demeanour than earlier remedies of the subject. The authors research networks as international platforms and speak about new geospatial applied sciences in counterterrorism, delivering a mix of ideas and methods that help coverage improvement in the governing counter terrorist neighborhood.
There are thousands of books on terrorism, yet few if any specialise in the impact of geography, geospatial research, and geospatial intelligence techniques. a mix of educational thought and sensible functions, this ebook presents the vertical linkage among subject matters on the excessive solution point, corresponding to experience of position and cultural identification of a extended family or tribe with local and international geographic-scale matters severe to knowing 21st century overseas terrorist groups.
Read Online or Download The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent Non-State Groups PDF
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Extra info for The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent Non-State Groups
Decentralized networks such as al-Qaeda have branch and affiliate groups operating within small areas bounded by national borders, and between state borders for operations in a larger region. Also, they focus on global efforts to bring the world under one united political/religious rule. Al-Qaeda has popularized globalization of terrorism through a franchise model, where terrorists throughout the world are trained, given resources, and sent out to commit terrorist attacks throughout the world. Al-Qaeda’s fundraising and recruitment operations also extend to the global scale.
The primary motivation of Hamas, or the Islamic Resistance Movement, is nationalism/separatism. * They can also be seen as a cultural/religious organization, but are used here in the discussion of nationalist/separatist motivations. Hamas has been in operation since the late 1980s and began as splinter group of the Muslim Brotherhood. Hamas won political leadership of Palestine by election, beating out the former ruling party, Fatah. It remains the “largest and most influential Palestinian militant movement” (Masters 2011).
Ultimately, this creates a global environment of haves and have-nots. 5 shows state weakness in the developing world, which includes 141 countries. 00. State weakness here is designated by government responses and activities in political, economic, social welfare, and security spheres. All countries shown in various shades of gray and black are relatively weak. 5 (shown in white) have already developed economically and are relatively stronger in comparison to the developing nations. In general, weaker states have less opportunity, fewer resources, and less ability to connect to the globalizing world.