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By Harmen Ghijsen

This booklet offers an available and updated dialogue of latest theories of perceptual justification that every spotlight various factors relating to notion, i.e., wakeful adventure, higher-order ideals, and trustworthy procedures. The book’s dialogue starts off from the perspective that conception is not just one in all our primary resources of information and justification, but in addition performs this position for lots of much less refined animals. It proposes a scientifically expert reliabilist concept which could accommodate this truth with no denying that a few of our epistemic skills as human perceivers are certain. this permits it to mix lots of our intuitions concerning the significance of wakeful event and higher-order trust with the arguable thesis that perceptual justification is essentially non-evidential in character.

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The Puzzle of Perceptual Justification: Conscious experience, Higher-order Beliefs, and Reliable Processes

This publication presents an available and up to date dialogue of latest theories of perceptual justification that every spotlight various factors regarding conception, i. e. , unsleeping adventure, higher-order ideals, and trustworthy techniques. The book’s dialogue starts off from the point of view that conception isn't just one among our primary resources of information and justification, but additionally performs this function for plenty of much less subtle animals.

Additional resources for The Puzzle of Perceptual Justification: Conscious experience, Higher-order Beliefs, and Reliable Processes

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The dogmatist thesis is compatible with several views about what it is about perceptual experience in virtue of which the thesis is true. For instance, a reliabilist dogmatist could hold that the dogmatist thesis is (contingently) true because the process from perceptual experience to perceptual belief happens to be generally reliable. In contrast, a phenomenalist dogmatist holds that the thesis is true (at least in part) because of the intrinsic phenomenal properties of perceptual experience. It is the latter phenomenalist notion of dogmatism that will be our main concern in this chapter, although I will briefly reflect on a reliabilist version of dogmatism in Sect.

Although this non-reductivism about testimony might be correct, this does not seriously affect the example against Comesaña’s account. First of all, whether or not one wants to classify it as testimonial evidence, the auditory experience remains some sort of evidence for :p. Second, even if one wants to include the perhaps irreducible evidential fact that someone testified that p in the evidence set, then one is left with an evidence set that will, in its entirety, still be reliably connected to :p rather than p.

An accessibility demand on evidence seems more promising, but has its own problems. For instance, one could say that a subject has evidence that p if and only if he is able to have introspective access to a certain mental state that reliably indicates 12 I will focus on the notion of evidence in my discussion, but one could equally make the point by asking for the correct conditions for basing a belief on the evidence. 13 In fact, as remarked above (Sect. 2), even if Norman were to have some kind of evidence in the form of a specific sort of clairvoyant experience, then he might still appear to have unjustified beliefs.

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