Download The Ritual of Battle: Krishna in the Mahabharata by Alf Hiltebeitel PDF

By Alf Hiltebeitel

This e-book is a learn of India’s nice epic, the Mahabharata, opposed to the history of Indo-European fable, epic, and formality. It builds upon the pioneering experiences in those components through Georges Dumezil and Stig Wikander to paintings towards the aim of realizing how this epic’s Indo-European historical past is interpreted and reshaped in the environment of bhakti or devotional Hinduism. The publication starts off with a comparative typology of conventional classical epics, arguing that epic is a particular legendary style, and that the Mahabharata particularly can be studied as a part of an Indo-European epic and (and not only legendary) continuum. The reshaping of Indo-European topics is then tested in terms of the Mahabharata’s imperative secret: the determine of Krishna, hero and best friend of the Panbrothers of their struggles opposed to their cousins, the Kauravas, and incarnation of Vis. The learn argues that Krishna figures within the epic on the heart of a coherent theological ensemble that builds upon continuities in Indo-European, Vedic, and especially Brahmanic sacrificial idioms. eventually, Krishna publications the forces of dharma or righteousness via an outstanding "sacrifice of conflict" whose eschatological history recollects Indo-European and Vedic subject matters, whereas projecting them into the Hindu bhakti cosmology of common dissolutions, recreations, and divine grace. The learn vigorously opposes makes an attempt to "explain" Krishna by means of arbitrary theories of the Mahabharata’s progress via interpolations.

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The Ritual of Battle: Krishna in the Mahabharata

This ebook is a examine of India’s nice epic, the Mahabharata, opposed to the history of Indo-European fable, epic, and formality. It builds upon the pioneering stories in those components by way of Georges Dumezil and Stig Wikander to paintings towards the aim of knowing how this epic’s Indo-European background is interpreted and reshaped in the surroundings of bhakti or devotional Hinduism.

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86 Wikander, "Sur le fonds commun, pp. , The Sháhnáma of Firdausi, Trübners Oriental Series, 7 vols. (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1905-1912), IV, 129. In both epics, one finds, in the same sequence, a leading "bad" hero (Duhsasana*, Piran*) having his blood drunk (see only Wikander); the effort by the "bad" king (Duryodhana, Afrasiyab*) to hide in a lake after his army's defeat (see Darmesteter and Wikander); and the ascent of the "good" king (Yudhisthira*, Key Khosrow) to heaven, leaving his five loyal companions behind dead or about to die (see all three authors).

In both epics, one finds, in the same sequence, a leading "bad" hero (Duhsasana*, Piran*) having his blood drunk (see only Wikander); the effort by the "bad" king (Duryodhana, Afrasiyab*) to hide in a lake after his army's defeat (see Darmesteter and Wikander); and the ascent of the "good" king (Yudhisthira*, Key Khosrow) to heaven, leaving his five loyal companions behind dead or about to die (see all three authors). 87 Wikander, "Från Bråvalla till Kurukshetra," ANF, LXXV (1960), 183-93; idem, "Germanische und IndoIranische Eschatologie," Kairos, II (1960), 83-88.

21013) and the eyes. One notes the apparent absence of the theme of arm loss which is so prominent in Roman, Irish, Scandinavian, and Indian (Bhurisravas*, Bhima's* son Sutasoma, Savitr*) myths and legends. 47 India's most famous case is the thirty-two major laksanas* of the Buddha; see Eugene Burnouf, Le Lotus de la bonne loi, II: Appendice (Mémoires Annexes) (Paris: Maisonneuve Fréres, Editeurs, 1925), 553-647; on Krishna's auspicious bodily features, see A. C. Bhaktivedanta, The Nectar of Devotion: A Study of Srila* Rupa* Gosvami's* Bhaktirasamrta-sindhu* (Boston: Iskcon Press, 1970), pp.

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